Automotive Glossary


Automotive words, phrases and abbreviations.

Browse the glossary using this index

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S

Satellite

This can refer to any celestial body orbiting around a planet or star but usually means man-made equipment that orbits the Earth.

Satin

A surface finish that is approximately half-way between gloss and matt

Saturation

A term referring to a colour's purity or richness. The more chroma in a colour, the more saturated that colour is.

SAW

Spark advance word output signal.

SC

Supercharged

Scan Tool

Diagnostic tool that connects to an electronic control module on a vehicle to read fault codes and other data.

Scanner

Diagnostic tool that connects to an electronic control module on a vehicle to read fault codes and other data. Some scanners can also connect to controller area networks (CAN).

Scanning

To skim/scan text in order to get a general idea about it.

Scavenge Pump

The oil pump in the oil pan of a dry sump (oil pan) engine that returns the lubricating oil to a separate reservoir.

Scavenging

The process in the combustion chamber that clears the residual exhaust gases by the incoming air charge. The inlet and exhaust valves are both open for a very brief spell as the engine moves across top dead centre at the end of the exhaust stroke.


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